**1 :**Condense the following expression into a single exponential.

Unlimited Practice for Exponential Equations.

**NOTE:** These are all randomized problems. As a result, it is entirely possible to get pretty awful numbers if you are suitably
unlucky. Some of these may look bad until you start doing them, but if you see problems that look excessively awful,
remember that you can always hit the ‘Another’ button in the top (green refresh arrow) to get new numbers. If
you find yourself doing this frequently, you may want to discuss it with your TA to see if you have a gap in your
understanding, or to see if the problems are just really that bad (in which case the TA will forward the info to the content
authors).

**Note to the below problems:** I included some hints that will almost certainly be redundant or stupid (like ), but this is a
byproduct of generating these things using random numbers. I wanted to make sure to provide you with any crazy computation
without you needing to figure it out on it’s own (since that wasn’t the point of these problems), so I supplied everything, even if
it’s redundant or silly.

**However:** Keep in mind that on any assessments (quizzes, exams, etc) the ability to recognize different ‘bases’ as powers of
the same base (eg or *will be expected and probably required*. On assessments however, we will make sure to keep
the numbers very reasonable; nothing bigger than 3 digits, and they should be fairly recognizable. Remember,
if worst-comes-to-worst, you can always make a factor tree to find the prime factors and figure out the lowest
base.

Here is a walk-through example of how to do a problem like this:

Condense the following expression into a single exponential.

(Hint: , )

Solution: Before we can do a lot, it helps to get everything to the same base. This is why a hint is provided in the situation where they don’t all start the same base (Note: You shouldn’t always expect such a hint to be given though, so keep an eye out!) The easiest way to do this is to simply replace the larger number with the universal base to the appropriate power in parentheses. So in our case we will replace by and by and then simplify.

Step 1: Replace each base with universal base and power. | ||

Step 2: Simplify power of power in each term. | ||

Step 3: Distribute and Simplify. | ||

Now that we everything in terms of the same base, we can begin merging. First we merge all the top bases together and all the
bottom bases together. Then when we are down to only one base with a (large and complicated) exponent, we will merge the top
and bottom bases together.

From above. | ||

Product of bases equals sum of powers. | ||

Simplify exponents. | ||

Division of bases is subtraction of exponents. | ||

Simplify Exponent. | ||

Follow the walkthrough above closely; start with making sure the base is the same for each term. Then combine the bases in
the top together using the property , and do the same to the bottom. Simplify the top and bottom exponents to make your life
easier in the next couple steps. Next you want to subtract the bottom power from the top power, and finally simplify.

Follow the walkthrough above closely; start with making sure the base is the same for each term. Then combine the bases in
the top together using the property , and do the same to the bottom. Simplify the top and bottom exponents to make your life
easier in the next couple steps. Next you want to subtract the bottom power from the top power, and finally simplify.

Follow the walkthrough above closely; start with making sure the base is the same for each term. Then combine the bases in
the top together using the property , and do the same to the bottom. Simplify the top and bottom exponents to make your life
easier in the next couple steps. Next you want to subtract the bottom power from the top power, and finally simplify.

(Hint: , , )

(Hint: , , )

(Hint: , , )

Expand the following exponential so that each exponent has at most one term.

Solution: Here we are essentially doing the reverse process of the last examples. Our goal is to expand out the expression by writing the given single base as a product of bases with various powers. Moreover, the problems give you the expected bases. Thus we will begin by separating the base on each addition symbol and then pull out the constant factor from each term to form the different numeric bases.

Step 1: Separate terms as product of bases. | ||

Step 2: Factor out largest constant from each exponent. | ||

Step 3: Product of exponent is repeated power. | ||

Step 4: Calculate bases. | ||

We’ve done the majority of the work here to get the different bases that were expected (notice in the original problem we
wanted bases of , , and , which is exactly what we ended up with!) Now we need to simplify the exponents for each term by making
them negative if needed. Remember that the **power** doesn’t change magnitude, *only the sign changes* when you move a term from
the bottom to the top of a fraction (or from the top to the bottom).

From above. | ||

Rewrite fractional exponents with negatives. | ||

Rewrite to match original base order. |

Follow the walkthrough above closely; essentially doing the previous problem steps in reverse. Start by writing the exponent
without any variables in the bottom of fractions (move them to the top and make them negative). Then separate the exponent by
using the property that . Once the exponents are separated and you have a bunch of parts with the same base, rewrite each base
with any numeric coefficient; for example instead of you want to rewrite this as which you can compute to . Match up the base to
the answer box for that base (or the exponent with the answer box with that exponent) and fill in the missing info.

Follow the walkthrough above closely; essentially doing the previous problem steps in reverse. Start by writing the exponent
without any variables in the bottom of fractions (move them to the top and make them negative). Then separate the exponent by
using the property that . Once the exponents are separated and you have a bunch of parts with the same base, rewrite each base
with any numeric coefficient; for example instead of you want to rewrite this as which you can compute to . Match up the base to
the answer box for that base (or the exponent with the answer box with that exponent) and fill in the missing info.

Follow the walkthrough above closely; essentially doing the previous problem steps in reverse. Start by writing the exponent
without any variables in the bottom of fractions (move them to the top and make them negative). Then separate the exponent by
using the property that . Once the exponents are separated and you have a bunch of parts with the same base, rewrite each base
with any numeric coefficient; for example instead of you want to rewrite this as which you can compute to . Match up the base to
the answer box for that base (or the exponent with the answer box with that exponent) and fill in the missing info.